What Is Insomnia? Insomnia causes & treatments

best sleep tablets over the counter

What Is Insomnia? Insomnia causes & treatments

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that affects millions of people around the world. It is defined as difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, which can lead to a person feeling tired and exhausted during the day. While there are a variety of causes of insomnia, the main cause is often linked to lifestyle and mental health issues.

One of the most common causes of insomnia is stress and anxiety. When a person is stressed or anxious they can find it hard to relax and fall asleep. This can be especially true at night when it is time to go to bed. Anxiety and stress can also cause a person to wake up frequently throughout the night, leading to a lack of restful sleep.

In addition to stress and anxiety, lifestyle factors can contribute to insomnia. Eating foods that are high in sugar or caffeine before bed can make it difficult to fall asleep. Also, drinking alcohol or smoking can disrupt sleep patterns. Other lifestyle habits, such as working late, using electronics before bed, and not having a set sleep schedule, can also lead to insomnia.

Finally, certain mental health conditions can cause insomnia. Depression, bipolar disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can all lead to a lack of sleep. People with these conditions may find it hard to fall asleep, stay asleep, or even get up in the morning.

Insomnia is a common problem, but it is treatable. If you think that you may be suffering from insomnia, it is important to talk to your doctor. They can help you identify the underlying cause and provide treatment options to help you get back to a good night’s sleep.

What causes insomnia?

1. Stress

Stressful life events, such as a job loss or a move, can interfere with your ability to sleep. Stress can also cause your body to release hormones such as cortisol, which can make it difficult to sleep.

2. Changes in routine

Changes in your daily routine, such as jet lag or a new work schedule, can disrupt your body’s internal clock and make it harder to fall asleep.

3. Anxiety and depression

Anxiety and depression can cause insomnia by making it hard to relax and get to sleep. Negative thoughts and worries can also keep you awake or cause you to wake up during the night.

4. Medications

Some medications, such as certain antidepressants and beta-blockers, can cause insomnia.

5. Underlying medical conditions

Certain medical conditions, such as asthma, allergies, and chronic pain, can make it hard to sleep.

6. Environmental factors

Environmental factors, such as noise, light, and extreme temperatures, can interfere with your ability to sleep.

7. Poor sleep hygiene

Failing to practice good sleep hygiene, such as not establishing a regular bedtime and not avoiding caffeine and alcohol before bed, can cause insomnia

Treatments for insomnia

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I)

This type of therapy helps people identify and change thought patterns and behavior that are contributing to their insomnia. It also teaches people how to recognize and reduce stress, establish healthy sleep habits, and improve their sleeping environment.

Sleep Restriction Therapy

This therapy involves limiting the amount of time spent in bed to the amount of time actually spent sleeping. This helps to regulate the body’s circadian rhythm and create a more regular sleep-wake cycle.

Relaxation Training

This type of therapy helps people relax through techniques such as progressive muscle relaxation, guided imagery, and deep breathing.

Stimulus Control Therapy

This therapy helps people avoid behaviors that are associated with insomnia, such as watching television or eating in bed.

Sleep Hygiene

Adopting healthy sleep habits, such as avoiding caffeine, exercising regularly, and maintaining a regular sleep schedule, can help people get the rest they need.


In some cases, medications may be used to help treat insomnia. These may include sedatives, sleep aids, and antidepressants.

Bottom Line

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that can have serious consequences on overall health and wellbeing, but with the right treatments, it can be managed. You can choose medications like zopiclone USA. You can return to your routine after using the drug to treat insomnia temporarily. You can order zopiclone online in USA from our online pharmancy.

Also Read: What are the 7 healthy sleep tips?


Marcie C

Hello, my name is Marcie C and I am a professional medical content writer based in the USA. With a passion for healthcare and a flair for writing, I specialize in creating engaging and informative content for the medical industry. Read more about me…

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